Fifth Grade Math

In fifth grade, students explore number notation and place values, multiplication and division, approximation and estimation, and the order of operations. Students learn to convert fractions and decimals and to add, subtract, multiply, and divide them in real-world situations. Geometry begins with an exploration of angles and the properties of different geometric shapes. Students also work on foundational concepts for ratios, rates, percentages, and algebraic expressions.

The major units of study in fifth grade math:

  • Whole Numbers (to ten million)
  • Whole Number Division and Multiplication
  • Fractions and Mixed Numbers
  • Introduction to Algebra
  • Geometry (Area of triangles, angles, properties of triangles and four-sided figures; three-dimensional shapes, surface area, and volume)
  • Ratio
  • Decimals
  • Percent
  • Graphs
  • Probability